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  1. The key point to remember about chronic fatigue syndrome/ME is that it is a symptom which may have many causes.  The aim is firstly to identify those causes and then put in place the necessary treatment regimes and allow time for those regimes to work.  In theory this should work extremely well, but what happens in practice?

    I regularly audit my practice to see how well patients are doing.  The first audit into the efficacy telephone consultations has just been completed by the British Society for Ecological Medicine. These were done for patients who were too ill to come and see me, but who consulted me by telephone.  They had sent me a detailed questionnaire with respect to their medical history, I had reviewed any tests they’d had done and perhaps ordered others, we had spoken for one hour by telephone, a treatment plan had been put in place and the GP informed.  Initially these patients were followed up at six months. At this point, their response to treatment was rather equivocal with half seeing some modest improvements, but no glaring successes.  I suggested to the BSEM audit team that perhaps the improvements were not noticeable because these telephone consultations were with, by definition, very sick patients.  Perhaps it was simply a case of time and further follow up should be arranged?  So this is what we did and two years down the line these same patients were contacted.  Of the 21 questionnaires sent out we received responses from 17.

    This second batch of figures were very much more encouraging.  Fourteen out of the seventeen had seen worthwhile improvements with some back to almost normal activities, albeit with pacing.  Three out of the seventeen had remained about the same.  None of the patients had been made worse. 

    Essentially these regimes involved:

    It is common to see initial worsening as people start the regimes for all the reasons iterated in


    For those patients who did not see improvements, it is possible that this is due to chronic low grade viral infection.  There are possible strategies here, so please see


     And also I am also researching the possibility of using neem which is a botanical anti-microbial which may have widespread application.

    The second study which is significant is my ongoing audit of patients who have had repeat mitochondrial function tests.  I have to say these tests have been extremely useful in managing CFS – there is no doubt that mitochondria dysfunction is a central player here, as demonstrated by the paper I produced with Dr Norman Booth and Dr John McLaren Howard (Ref:  What this paper showed is that the worse the disability, the worse the mitochondrial function and of course vice versa – indeed this is a very useful way of assessing patients objectively and helpful for application for benefits.  Some patients who had first tests, we then went on to do follow up tests and what is so interesting is that these tests improve reliably well.  Broadly speaking there can be problems either because of nutritional deficiencies, or because of toxic stresses blocking enzymes in mitochondria and both are amenable to treatment either by giving a regime of nutritional supplements and by doing detoxification regimes to reduce the toxic load. 

    In the early stages of improving mitochondrial function, sometimes this is not necessarily accompanied by clinical improvement.  My guess is that the reason for this is that in chronic fatigue syndrome there is a great deal of tissue damage and this is evidenced by the very high cell free DNAs we see in these sufferers.  Clinically it looks as if early gains in mitochondrial function go to fuel energy delivery to the immune system to help with the process of healing and repair.  Once the healing and repair is effective and the cell free DNA comes down to more normal levels, then the patient gets energy to allow them to have a life!  See:

    It is never easy recovering from CFS/ME. The regimes are difficult with respect to diet, nutritional supplements, detoxing regimes and lifestyle interventions.  However, once put in place and held there, the regimes represent a blueprint for good health for life!  Once recovered, all the regimes recommended will help protect one from western diseases associated with western lifestyles such as diabetes, heart disease, cancer and degenerative conditions.  The point here is that there is a life beyond CFS/ME and there is no reason why it should not be a good one!

  2. One of the most craved, savored, and sought after foods worldwide can also benefit the body in extraordinary ways. Cacao, cocoa, chocolate - no matter how you say it, humans around the globe seek the mouth-watering pleasure and mood-boosting effects of this extraordinary antioxidant.

    Cocoa beans are the seed of the fruit tree, Theobroma cacao that grows in the shades of the rainforest between 15-20 degrees North and South of the Equator. All chocolate is made from cacao (pronounced cuh-COW), the edible part of the cocoa bean after it has been harvested, dried, fermented, and hulled. These beans have some of the most valuable nutrients available to us.

    Nicknamed "black gold" by the Spanish, the bean-shaped pod is a food that has also been considered a highly beneficial medicine because it contains over 300 identifiable chemical compounds. Unfortunately, many of those properties are destroyed by cooking, processing, and refining. Studies have shown that dairy products actually block the absorption of antioxidants in chocolate. Yet most commercially produced candy and chocolate bars contain low levels of cacao bean compared to other ingredients such as sugars, milk fat, hydrogenated oils, and artificial flavorings.

    In comparison by weight, cacao has more antioxidant flavonoids than blueberries, red wine, or black and green teas. In fact, it has up to four times the quantity of antioxidants found in green tea. The Aztecs called the cacao "yollotl eztli," which literally means "heart blood;" they understood the benefit this truly powerful superfood has on the cardiovascular system.

    Pure, raw cacao also has extraordinary potential for helping to support weight loss - quite the opposite from the everyday chocolate bar!

    That certain "euphoria" you may feel after consuming your favorite raw cacao treat isn't in your minds! Chocolate has actual compounds with the unique ability to satiate our appetite for pleasure like no other substance.

    By increasing the levels of specific neurotransmitters in our brains, cacao can help promote a positive outlook, facilitate rejuvenation, and simply lift our spirits:

    - Serotonin - Cacao raises the level of serotonin in the brain and therefore acts as an anti-depressant, promoting an overall sense of well-being.

    -Endorphins - These are our natural pain and stress chemicals known as neurotransmitters. Cacao stimulates the secretion of endorphins, which can help to produce a pleasurable feeling.

    - Phenylethylamine (PEAs) - PEAs are a natural chemical compound that are also created within the brain and released when we are in love. It acts as a mild mood elevator and an anti-depressant, and it helps increase focus and alertness.

    - Anandamide - Anandamide is known as the "bliss chemical" because it is released by the brain when we are feeling happy. Cacao contains both N-acylethanolamines that are believed to temporarily increase the levels of anandamide in the brain and enzyme inhibitors that slow its breakdown. This promotes relaxation for a longer period of time.

    As with anything, you can overdo it! The key is to eat minimally processed raw cacao in small amounts - just enough to receive the health-boosting qualities and satisfy those chocolate cravings.

    Delicious Cacao Smoothie
    2 Frozen Bananas (remove skin, cut into medium size pieces and freeze)
    2 Tablespoons Organic Cacao Powder
    1 1/2 Cups Almond Milk - more or less, depending on desired thickness
    Your choice of sweetener, if desired

    A few Goji Berries and/or a Tablespoon of Maca Powder can also be a healthy, delicious combination
    Blend all ingredients on high until smooth and creamy. Enjoy!

    Click here to buy Cacao Powder