Essential Oil Guide

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BASIL (Ocimum Basilicum)
County of Origin: France
Method of Extraction: Steam Distillation from the flowering herb
Constituents: Methyl chavicol (70-88%) linalol, cineol, camphor

Main therapeautic effects:
Antidepressant, Febrifuge, Antiseptic, Galactagogue, Antispasmodic, Nervine, Carminative, Prophylactic, Cephalic , Restorative, Digestive, Stimulant of Adrenal Cortex, Emmenagogue, Expectorant, Stomachic and Tonic

Safety Data: Relatively non-toxic, non-irritant, possible sensitisation in some individuals. Avoid during pregnancy.

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Insect bites and insect repellent
Circulation, Muscles and joints: Gout, muscular aches and pains, rheumatism
Respiratory: Bronchitis, coughs, earache, sinusitis
Digestive: Dyspepsia, flatulence, nausea
Genito-Urinary: Cramps, scanty periods
Immune System: Colds, fever, flu, infectious disease

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BENZOIN (Styrax Benzoin)
Country of Origin: Southeast Asia
Method of Extraction: Extracted from the gum using Solvent
Constituents: Coniferyl cinnamate sumaresinolic avid, benzoic acid, cinnamic acid, traces of styrene, vanillin and benzaldehyde

Main Therapeautic Effects: Anti-inflammatory, Deodorant, Anti-oxidant, Diuretic, Antiseptic, Expectorant, Astringent, Carminative, Styptic, Cordial, Vulnerary,
Safety Date: Relatively non-toxic, non-irritant, possible sensitisation in some individuals.

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Cuts, chapped skin, inflamed and irritated conditions

 Circulation, Muscles And joints: Gout, rheumatism, arthritis, and poor circulation
Respiratory: Asthma, bronchitis, chills, colic, coughs, laryngitis
Nervous System: Nervous tension and stress-related complaints. It warms and tones the heart and circulation, both physically and metaphorically.

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BERGAMOT (Citrus Bergamia)
County of Origin: Tropical Asia
Method of Extraction: Cold compression of the peel
Constituents: Lynalyl acetate (30-60%) linalol (11-22%) other alcohols

Main therapeautic effects: Analgesic, Deodorant, Anthelmintic, Febrifuge, Antidepressant, Laxative, Antiseptic, Parasiticide, Antispasmodic, Rubefacient, Antitoxic, Stimulant, Carminative, Stomachic, Digestive, Tonic, Diuretic, Vermifuge, Vulnerary

Safety Data: Relatively non-toxic, non-irritant, possible sensitisation in some individuals and photo toxic

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Acne, boils, cold sores, eczema, insect repellent and insect bites, oil complexion, psoriasis, scabies, spots, varicose ulcers and wounds.
Respiratory: Halitosis, mouth infections, sore throat, tonsillitis
Digestive System: Flatulence, loss of appetite
Genito-Urinary: Cystitis, leucorrhoea, pruritis, thrush
Nervous System: Anxiety, depression and stress-related conditions, having a refreshing and uplifting quality
Immune System: Colds, fever, flu, infectious diseases

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BLACK PEPPER (Piper Nigrum)
County of Origin: India
Method of Extraction: Steam Distillation
Constituents: Monoterpenes (70-80%) thujene, pinenes, campene

Main therapeautic effects: Analgesic, Antimicrobial, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Antitoxic, Bactericidal, Carminative, Diaphoretic, Digestive, Diuretic, Febrifuge, Laxative , Rubefacient, Stimulant, Stomachic, Tonic

Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant. Use in moderation only

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Chilblains

Circulation, Muscles And Joints: Anaemia, arthritis, muscular aches and pains, Neuralgia, poor circulation, poor muscle tonem, rheumatic pain, sprains and stiffness
Respiratory: Catarrh and chills
Digestive System: Colic and constipation
Genito-Urinary: Cystitis, leucorrhoea, pruritis, thrush
Immune System: Colds, flu, infections and viruses

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CARROT SEED (Daucus Carota)
County of Origin: Europe, Asia and North Africa
Method of Extraction: Steam Distillation
Constituents: Pinene, carotol, daucol, limonene

Main therapeautic effects:
Anthelmintic, Antiseptic, Carminative, Depurative. Diuretic, Emmenagogue, Stimulant, Tonic, Vasodilatory and Smooth muscle relaxant

Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant and non-sensitising

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Dermatitis, eczema, psoriasis, rashes, revitalising and toning, mature complexions and wrinkles
Circulation, Muscles and Joints: Accumulation of toxins, arthritis, gout, oedema, rheumatism
Digestive System: Anaemia, anorexia, colic, indigestion, liver congestion
Genito-Urinary and Endocrine: Amenorrhoea, dysmenorrhoea, glandular problems and PMS.

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CHAMOMILE GERMAN (Marticaria Recutica)
County of Origin: Europe and North West Asia
Method of Extraction: Steam Distillation of flower heads

Main therapeautic effects:
Analgesic, Anti-allergenic, Anti-inflammatory, Antiphlogistic, Antispasmodic, Bactericidal, Carminative, Cicatrisant, Cholagogue, Digestive, Emmenagogue, Febrifuge, Fungicidal, Hepatic, Nerve Sedative, Stimulant (leucocyte), Stomachic. Sudorific, Vermifuge, Vulnerary

Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant. Can cause dermatitis
Constituents: Chamazulene, farnesene, bisabolol oxide

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Acne, allergies, boils, burns, cuts, chilblains, insect bites, rashes, sensitive skin, teething pain, and wounds.
Circulation, Muscles And Joints: Arthritis, inflamed joints, muscular pain, neuralgia, rheumatism and sprains.
Digestive System: Dyspepsia, colic, indigestion and nausea
Genito-Urinary and Endocrine: Dysmenorrhoea, menopause and menorrhagia
Nervous System: Headache, insomnia, tension, migraine and stress

Combinations: Chamomile Oil has a powerful aroma, so very little is needed. Geranium, Clary Sage and Lavender all soften the aroma, while Clary Sage and Lavender also reinforce its sedative nature.

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CHAMOMILE ROMAN (Chamaemelum Nobile)
County of Origin: Europe
Method of Extraction: Steam Distillation of flower heads
Constituents: Angelic and tiglic acids (85%), pinene, farnsesol

Main therapeautic effects: Analgesic, Anti-anaemic, Antineuralgic, Antiphlogistic, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Bacterial, Carminative, Cholagogue, Cicatrisant, Digestive, Emmenagogue, Febrifuge, Hepatic. Hypnotic, Nerve Sedative, Stomachic, Sudorific, Tonic, Vermifuge, Vulnerary

Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant. Can cause dermatitis

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Acne, allergies, boils, burns, cuts, chilblains, dermatitis, earache, eczema, hair care, inflammations, insect bites, rashes, sensitive skin, teething pain, toothache and wounds.
Circulation, Muscles And Joints: Arthritis, inflamed joints, muscular pain, neuralgia, rheumatism and sprains.
Digestive System: Dyspepsia, colic, indigestion and nausea
Genito-Urinary and Endocrine: Dysmenorrhoea, menopause and menorrhagia
Nervous System: Headache, insomnia, tension, migraine and stress

Combinations: Chamomile Oil has a powerful aroma, so very little is needed. Geranium, Clary Sage and Lavender all soften the aroma, while Clary Sage and Lavender also reinforce
its sedative nature.

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CLARY SAGE (Salvia Sclarea)
County of Origin: Southern Europe
Method of Extraction: Steam Distillation of flowering tops and leaves
Constituents: Linalyl acetate (75%) linalool, pinene, myrcene

Main therapeautic effects: Anticonvulsive, Antidepressant, Antiphlogistic, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Aphrodisiac, Astringent, Bactericidal, Carminative, Cicatrisant, Deodorant , Digestive, Emmenagogue, Hypotensive, Nervine, Sedative, Stomachic, Tonic, Uterine

Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant, non-sensitising.
Not to be used in pregnancy or with alcohol

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Acne, boils, burns, dandruff, hair loss, inflamed conditions, oily skin and hair, ophthalmia, ulcers and wrinkles
Circulation, Muscles And Joints: High blood pressure, muscular aches and pains
Digestive System: Colic, cramp, dyspepsia and flatulence
Genito-Urinary and Endocrine: Amenorrhoea, labour pain, dysmenorrhoea, leucorrhoea
Nervous System: Depression, frigidity, impotence, migraine, nervous tension and stress-related disorders
Respiratory System: Asthma, throat infections, whooping couch.

Combinations: Melissa and Petitgrain enhance the sedative powerfully relaxing properties of clary sage oil, while Rose oil strengthening its uplifting antidepressant quality.

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CORIANDER (Coriandrum Sativum)
County of Origin: Europe
Method of Extraction: Steam Distillation
Constituents: Linalol (55-75%) decyl aldehyde, borneol

Main therapeautic effects: Analgesic, Aperitif, Aphrodisiac, Anti-oxidant, Anti-rheumatic, Antispasmodic, Bactericidal, Depurative, Carminative, Cytotoxic, Fungicidal, Larvicidal, Lipolytic, Revitalising, Stimulant, Stomachic (cardiac, circ. Nervous system)
Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant, non-sensitising. Stupefying in large doses – use in moderation

Aromatherapy Use:
Circulation, Muscles And Joints: Accumulation of fluids or toxins, arthritis, gout, muscular aches and pains, poor circulation, rheumatism, stiffness
Digestive System: Anorexia, colic, diarrhoea, dyspepsia, flatulence, nausea, piles, spasm
Immune System: Colds, flu, general infections and measles
Nervous System: Debility, migraine, neuralgia, nervous exhaustion

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CYPRESS (Cupressus Sempervirens)
County of Origin: Eastern Mediterranean
Method of Extraction: Steam Distillation
Constituents: Pinene, camphene, sylvestrene, cymene, sabinol

Main therapeautic effects: Anti-rheumatic, Antispasmodic, Antiseptic, Astringent, Deodorant, Diuretic, Hepatic, Styptic, Sudorific, Tonic, Vasoconstrictive
Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant, non-sensitising.

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Haemorrhoids, oily and over hydrated skin, excessive perspiration, insect repellent, pyorrhoea (bleeding of the gums), varicose veins, wounds.
Circulation, Muscles And Joints: Cellulitis, muscular cramp, oedema, poor circulation, rheumatism
Respiratory System: Asthma, bronchitis, spasmodic coughing
Genito-Urinary: Dysmenorrhoea, menopause, menorrhagia
Nervous System: Nervous tension and stress-related conditions.

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EUCALYPTUS (Globulus)
County of Origin: Tasmania/Australia
Method of Extraction: Steam distillation
Constituents: Cineol (70-85%) pinenes, limonene, cymene

Main therapeautic effects: Analgesic, Antineuralgic, Anti-rheumatic, Antiviral, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Balsamic, Cicatrisant, Decongestant, Depurative, Diuretic, Expectorant, Febrifuge, Hypoglycaemic, Parasiticide, Prophylactic, Rubefacient, Stimulant, Vermifuge, Vulnerary
Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant, non-sensitising.

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Burns, blisters, cuts, herpes, insect bites, insect repellent, lice, skin infections and wounds.
Circulation, Muscles And Joints: Muscular aches and pains, poor circulation, rheumatoid arthritis and sprains
Respiratory System: Asthma, bronchitis, catarrh, coughs, sinusitis, Throat infections
Genito-Urinary: Cystitis, leucorrhoea
Nervous System: Debility, headaches, neuralgia
Immune System: Chickenpox, colds, epidemics, flu and measles

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FRANKINCENSE (Bosellia Carreri)
County of Origin: Africa/Middle East
Method of Extraction: Steam Distillation
Constituents: Monoterpene, hydrocarbons, notably pinenes, Dipentene, limonene, thujene

Main therapeautic effects: Antiseptic, Anti-inflammatory, Astringent, Carminative, Cicatrisant, Cytophylactic, Digestive, Diuretic , Emmenagogue, Expectorant, Febrifuge, Hypoglycaemic, Sedative, Tonic, Uterine, Vulnerary
Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant, non-sensitising.

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Blemishes, dry and mature complexions, scars, wounds, wrinkles
Respiratory System: Asthma, bronchitis, catarrh, coughs, laryngitis
Genito-Urinary: Cystitis, leucorrhoea, dysmenorrhoea and metrorrhagia
Nervous System: Anxiety, nervous tension and stress-related conditions (slow down and deepen breathing)
Immune System: Colds, flu.

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GERANIUM (Pelargonium Graveolens)
County of Origin: South Africa
Method of Extraction: Steam Distillation
Constituents: Citronellol, geraniol, linalol, isomenthone, menthone

Main therapeautic effects:
Antidepressant, Antihaemorrhagic, Anti-inflammatory, Antiseptic, Astringent, Cicatrisant , Deodorant, Diuretic, Fungicidal, Haemostastic, Febrifuge, Hypoglycaemic, tonic, Vermifuge, Vulnerary

Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant, non-sensitising.

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Acne, bruises, broken capillaries, burns, congested skin, cuts, dermatitis, eczema, haemorrhoids, lice, oily complexion, mature skin, mosquito repellent, ringworm, ulcers and wounds.
Circulatory, Muscles And Joints: Cellulitis, engorgement of breasts, oedema, poor circulation
Respiratory System: Sore throats and tonsillitis
Genito-Urinary ndocrine System: Andrenocortical glands and menopausal problems, PMS
Nervous System: Nervous tension, neuralgia and stress-related conditions

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GINGER (Zingiber Officinale)
County of Origin: Southern Asia
Method of Extraction: Steam Distillation from the unpeeled, dried ground root
Constituents: Gingerin, gingenol, gingerone, zingiberine, linalol Main therapeautic effects: Analgesia, Anti-oxidant, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Antitussive, Aperitif, Aphrodisiac, Bactericidal, Carminative, Cephalic, Diaphoretic, Expectorant, Febrifuge, Laxative, Rubefacient, Stimulant, Stomachic, Tonic

Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant, slightly photo-toxic. May cause sensitisation in some individuals

Aromatherapy Use:
Respiratory System: Catarrh, coughs, congestion, sinusitis, sore throat
Circulation, muscles and joints: Arthritis, fatigue, muscular aches and pains, poor circulation, rheumatism sprains, strains etc.
Digestive System: Diarrhoea, colic, cramp, flatulence, indigestion, loss of appetite, nausea and travel sickness.
Nervous System: Debility, nervous exhaustion.
Immune System: Colds, flu, chills, fever, infectious disease

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GRAPEFRUIT (Citrus Paradisi)
County of Origin: Tropical Asia
Method of Extraction: Cold expression from fresh peel
Constituents: Limonene (90%) Cardinene, paradisiol, neral, geraniol

Main therapeautic effects: Antiseptic, Anti-toxic, Astringent, Bactericidal, Diuretic, Depurative, Stimulant, Tonic

Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant, non-sensitising. Non Phototoxic. Short shelf life.

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Acne, congested and oily skin, promotes hair growth, tones the skin and tissues.
Circulation, Muscles and Joints: Cellulitis, exercise preparation, muscle fatigue, obesity, stiffness and water retention.
Nervous System: Depression, headaches, nervous exhaustion and performance stress
Immune System: Chills, colds, flu.

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JASMINE (Jasminum Officinale)
County of Origin: China
Method of Extraction: Solvent Extraction
Constituents: Benzyl acetate, linalol, phenylacetic acid, benzyl, Alcohol, farnesol, methyl anthranilate, cisjasmone

Main therapeautic effects: Analgesic, Antidepressant, Anti-inflammatory, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Aphrodisiac, Carminative, Cicatrisant, Expectorant, Galactagogue. Parturient, Sedative, Tonic
 

Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant, generally non-sensitising.

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Dry, greasy, irritated, sensitive skin
Respiratory System: Catarrh, coughs, hoarseness and laryngitis
Genito-Urinary: Dysmenorrhoea, frigidity, labour pains and uterine disorders.
Nervous System: Depression, nervous exhaustion and stress-related conditions (feeling of optimism, confidence and euphoria)

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JUNIPER (Juniperus Communis)
County of Origin: Northern Hemisphere – Scandinavia, Siberia, Canada, northern Europe and Northern Asia
Method of Extraction: Steam Distillation
Constituents: Monoterpenes, pinenes, myrcene, sabinene, limonene, Cymene, terpinene, thujene and camphene.

Main therapeautic effects: Antirheumatic, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Antitoxic, Aphrodisiac, Astringent, Carminative, Cicatrisant, Depurative, Diuretic, Emmenagogue, Nervine, Parasiticide, Rubefacient, Sedative, Stomachic, Sudorific, Tonic, Vulnerary

Safety Data: Non-sensitising, may be slight irritating, generally non-toxic. Not to be used in pregnancy or with kidney disease. Use in moderation.

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Acne, dermatitis, eczema, hair loss, haemorrhoids, oily complexions, as a skin toner, wounds.
Circulation, Muscles and Joints: Accumulation of toxins, arteriosclerosis, cellulitis, gout, obesity and rheumatism
Genito-Urinary: Amenorrhoea, cystitis, dysmenorrhoea and leucorrhoea
Nervous System: Anxiety, nervous tension and stress-related conditions.
Immune System: Colds, flu and infections
Combinations: Rosemary enhances the stimulating, Rubefacient effect. Citrus oils complement is calming properties and rose sweetens its scent.

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Lavender SprayLAVENDER (Lavendular Angustifolia/Officinalis)
County of Origin: Mediterranean
Method of Extraction: Steam Distillation
Constituents: Linalyl acetate (30-40%), linalol, lavandulol, lavandulyl Acetate, terpineol, cineol, limonene and ocimene.

Main therapeautic Effects: Analgesic, Anticonvulsive, Antidepressant, Antimicrobial, Antirheumatic, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Antitoxic, Carminative, Cholagogue, Choleretic, Cicatrisant, Cordial, Cytophylactic, Deodorant, Digestive, Diuretic, Emmenagogue, Hypotensive. Insecticide, Nervine , Parasiticide, Rubefacient, Sedative, Stimulant, Tonic, Vermifuge, Vulnerary

Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant, non-sensitising.

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Abscesses, acne, allergies, athlete’s foot, boils, bruises, burns, dandruff, dermatitis, earache, eczema, inflam-mations, insect bites/stings, insect repellent, lice,
Psoriasis, ringworm, scabies, sores, sunburn, wounds.
Circulation, Muscles and Joints: Lumbago, muscular aches and pains, rheumatism, sprains.
Respiratory System: Asthma, bronchitis, catarrh, halitosis, laryngitis, throat infections and whooping cough.
Digestive System: Abdominal cramps, colic, dyspepsia, flatulence, nausea.
Genito-Urinary: Cystitis, leucorrhoea, dysmenorrhoea.
Nervous System: Depression, headache, hypertension, insomnia, migraine, nervous tension and stress-related conditions, PMS, sciatica, shock and vertigo
Immune System: Flu.

Combinations: Marjoram enhances the sedative effect. Citrus Oils increase its floral quality and Frankincense heightens its soothing and expectorant properties.

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LEMON (Citrus Limon)
County of Origin: Asia and Mediterranean
Method of Extraction: Cold expression of fresh peel
Constituents: Limonene (70%) terpinene, pinenes

Main therapeautic effects: Antianaemic, Antimicrobial, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Astringent, Bactericidal, Carminative, Cicatrisant, Refreshing, Stimulating, Tonic

Safety Data: Non-toxic, may cause dermal irritation. Phototoxic

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Acne, anaemia, brittle nails, boils ,chilblains, corns,cuts, greasy skin, herpes, insect bites, mouth ulcers, varicose veins, warts
Circulation, Muscles and Joints: Arthritis, cellulitis, high blood pressure, nosebleeds, obesity, poor circulation, rheumatism.
Digestive System: Dyspepsia
Respiratory System: Asthma, throat infections, bronchitis, catarrh

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LEMONGRASS (Cymbopogon Citratus)
County of Origin: Asia
Method of Extraction: Steam distillation from the fresh and partially dried leaves
Constituents: Citral (65-85%) Myrcene (12-25%) Dipentene

Main therapeautic effects: Analgesic, Antidepressant, Antimicrobial, Antioxidant, Antiseptic, Astringent, Bactericidal, Carminative, Cicatrisant, Deoderant, Fungicidal, Insecticidal, SedativeTonic

Safety Data: Non-toxic, may cause dermal irritation and/or sensitisation in some individuals

Aromatherapy Use:

Skin Care: Acne, Athlete’s foot, excessive perspiration, insect repellent, open pores, toning and refreshing
Circulation, Muscles and Joints: Muscular pain, poor circulation, muscle tone, slack tissue
Digestive System: Colitis, indigestion, gastroenteritis
Immune System: Fevers, infectious disease
Nervous System: Headaches, nervous exhaustion and stress related conditions

Combinations: Blends very well with Sandalwood and rose, which soften its strong aroma, and with rosemary which enhances its refreshing scent.

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LIME (Citrus Aurantifolia)
County of Origin: South Asia
Method of Extraction: Cold expression of peel
Constituents: Limonene, pinenes, camphene, sabinene, Citral, cymene, Cineols and linalol.

Main therapeautic effects: Antirheumatic, Antiscorbutic, Antiseptic, Antiviral, Aperitif, Bactericidal, Febrifuge , Restorative, Tonic
Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant, non-sensitising and phototoxic

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Acne, anaemia, brittle nails, boils , chilblains, corns, cuts, greasy skin, herpes, insect bites, mouth ulcers, varicose veins, warts
Circulation, Muscles and Joints: Arthritis, cellulitis, high blood pressure, nosebleeds, Obesity, poor circulation, rheumatism.
Digestive System: Dyspepsia
Respiratory System: Asthma, throat infections, bronchitis, catarrh

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MANDARIN (Citrus Reticulata)
County of Origin: China
Method of Extraction: Cold expression of outer peel
Constituents: Limonene, methyl methylanthranilate, geraniol, citral

Main therapeautic effects: Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Carminative, Digestive, Diuretic, Laxative, Sedative, Tonic

Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant Phototoxic

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Acne, anaemia, greasy skin, scars, stretch marks, toner
Circulation, Muscles and Joints: Fluid retention and obesity
Digestive System: Dyspepsia, intestinal problems
Nervous System: Insomnia, nervous tension, restlessness. It is often used for children and pregnant women

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SWEET MARJORAM (Origanum Marjorana)
County of Origin: Mediterranean
Method of Extraction: Steam Distillation of dried flowering herb

Constituents: Terpinenes, terpineol, sabinenes, linalol, carvacrol, Linalyl acetate, ocimene, Cardinene, geranyl acetate

Main therapeautic effects: Analgesic, Aphrodisiac, Antioxidant, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Antiviral, Bactericidal, Carminative, Cephalic, Cordial, Diaphoretic, Digestive, Diuretic, Emmenagogue, Expectorant, Fungicidal, Hypotensive, Laxative, Nervine, Sedative, Stomachic, Tonic, Vasodilator, Vulnerary

Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant, non-sensitising. Not to be used during pregnancy.

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Chilblains, bruises and ticks.
Circulation, Muscles and Joints: Arthritis, lumbago, muscular aches and stiffness, rheumatism, sprains and strains.
Respiratory System: Asthma, bronchitis, and coughs.
Digestive System: Colic, constipation, dyspepsia and flatulence
Genito-Urinary: Amenorrhoea, dysmenorrhoea, leucorrhoea, PMS
Nervous System: Headaches, hypertension, insomnia, migraine, nervous tension and stress-related conditions
Immune System: Colds.

Combinations: Rosemary and Eucalyptus reinforce the benefits of Marjoram to ease colds and muscular aches.

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MELISSA ~ LEMON BALM (Melissa Officinalis)
County of Origin: Mediterranean
Method of Extraction: Steam distillation from leaves and flowering tops
Constituents: Citral, Geraniol, citronellol, eugenol

Main therapeautic effects: Antidepressant, Antihistaminic, Antispasmodic, Bactericidal, Carminative, Emmenagogue, Insect Repellent, Hypertensive, Tonic, Uterine

Safety Data: May cause skin irritation

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Allergies and insect bites. In low concentration is a valuable oil for treating eczema
Digestive System: Colic, indigestion and nausea
Respiratory System: Asthma, bronchitis, chronic coughs
Genito-Urinary System: Menstrual problems
Nervous System: Anxiety, depression, hypertension, insomnia, migraine, nervous tension, shock and vertigo

Combinations: Citrus oils to enhance its sedative qualities and is balanced by the sharpness of rosemary and the luxurious aroma of rose.

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MYRRH (Commiphora Myrrha)
County of Origin: North East Africa and South West Asia
Method of Extraction: Solvent Extraction
Constituents: Heerabolene, limonene, dipentene, pinenes, eugenol,

Main therapeautic effects: Anticatarrhal, Anti-inflammatory, Antimicrobial, Antiphlogistic, Antiseptic, Astringent, Balsamic, Carminative, Cicatrisant, Emmenagogue, Expectorant, Fungicidal, Revitalising, Sedative, Stimulant (Dig.) Stomachic, Tonic, Uterine, Vulnerary

Safety Data: Non-irritant, non-sensitising. Possibly toxic in high concentration. Do not use during pregnancy.

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Athlete’s foot, chapped and cracked skin, eczema, mature complexions, ringworm, wounds and wrinkles
Circulation, Muscles and Joints: Arthritis
Respiratory System: Asthma, bronchitis, catarrh, coughs, gum infections, gingivitis, mouth ulcers, sore throat, voice loss.
Digestive System: Diarrhoea, dyspepsia, flatulence, haemorrhoids, loss of appetite.
Genito-Urinary: Amenorrhoea, leucorrhoea, pruritis and thrush.
Immune System: Colds

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NEROLI (Citrus Aurantium Var. Amara)
County of Origin: Far East

Method of Extraction: Steam Distillation
Constituents: Linalol (34%) Linalyl acetate (6-17%), limonene (15%), pinene, nerolidol, geraniol, nerol, methyl anthranilate

Main therapeautic effects: Antidepressant, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Aphrodisiac, Bactericidal, Carminative, Cicatrisant, Cordial, Deodorant, Digestive, Fungicidal, Hypnotic (mild), Stimulant (nervous), Tonic (cardiac, circulatory)
Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant, non-sensitising.

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Scars, stretch marks, thread veins
Circulation, Muscles and Joints: Palpitations, poor circulation
Digestive System: Diarrhoea (chronic), colic, flatulence, spasm, nervous dyspepsia.
Nervous System: Anxiety, depression, nervous tension, PMS, shock, stress-related conditions (helps problems of emotional origin)

Combinations: Benzoin and Frankincense deepen the scent of Neroli and lavender enhances its sedative qualities.

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NIAOULI (Melaleuca Viridiflora)
County of Origin: Australia
Method of Extraction: Steam Distillation from young leaves/twigs
Constituents: Cineol (50-65%) terpineol, pinene, limonene

Main therapeautic effects: Analgesic, Anthelmintic, Anticaatarrhal, Antirheumatic, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Bactericidal, Balsamic, Cicatrisant, Diaphoretic, Expectorant, Regulator, Stimulant, Vermifuge

Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant, non-sensitising.

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Acne, boils, burns, cuts, insect bites, oil skin, spots, ulcers and wounds
Circulation, Muscles and Joints: Muscular aches and pains, poor circulation, rheumatism
Respiratory System: Asthma, bronchitis, catarrhal conditions, coughs, sinusitis, sore throat, whooping cough
Genito-Urinary: Cystitis and urinary infection.
Immune System: Colds, fever and flu.

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SWEET ORANGE (Citrus Senensis)
County of Origin: China
Method of Extraction: Cold expression of outer peel
Constituents: 90% Monoterpenes, mainly limonene.

Main therapeautic effects: Antidepressant, Anti-inflammatory, Antiseptic, Bactericidal, Carminative, Choleretic, Digestive, Fungicidal, Hypotensive, Sedative (nervous)
Stimulant (digestive and lymphatic), Stomachic, Tonic
Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant, non-sensitising. Phototoxic

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Dull and oil complexions, mouth ulcers.
Circulatory, Muscular and Joints: Obesity, palpitations, water retention.
Respiratory System: Bronchitis and chills
Digestive System: Constipation, dyspepsia and spasm
Nervous System: Nervous tension and stress-related conditions
Immune System: Colds, flu.

Combinations: Frankincense and Juniper add spice to Orange oil and Cypress provides a clean, fresh scent.

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PALMAROSA (Cymbopogon Martinii)
County of Origin: India/Pakistan
Method of Extraction: Steam/Water Distillation of fresh or dried grass
Constituents: Geraniol, farnesol, geranyl acetate, methyl heptenone

Main therapeautic effects: Antiseptic, Bactericidal, Cicatrisant, Digestive, Febrifuge, Hydrating Stimulant (dig. Circ.) Tonic
Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant, non-sensitising.

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Acne, dermatitis and minor skin infections, scars, sores, wrinkles. Valuable for all types of treatment for face, hands, feet and neck and lips (moisturises the skin, stimulates cellular regeneration and regulates sebum production.
Digestive System: Anorexia, digestive atonia, intestinal infections. Acts on the pathogenic intestinal flora, in particular on the Colibacillus, the Eberth bacillus and the bacillus of Dysentery.
Nervous System: Nervous exhaustion and stress-related conditions.

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PATCHOULI (Pogostemon Cablin)
County of Origin: Tropical Asia
Method of Extraction: Steam Distillation of dried leaves
Constituents: Patchouli alcohol (40%) pogostol, bulnesol

Main therapeautic effects: Antidepressant, Anti-inflammatory, Antiemetic, Antimicrobial, Antiphlogistic, Antiseptic, Antitoxic, Antiviral, Aphrodisiac, Astringent, Bactericidal, Carminative
Cicatrisant, Deodorant, Digestive, Diuretic, Febrifuge, Fungicidal, Nervine. Prophylactic, Stimulant, Stomachic, Tonic

Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant, non-sensitising.

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Acne, athlete’s foot, cracked/chapped skin, dandruff, dermatitis, eczema, weeping), fungal infections, hair care, impetigo, insect repellent, sores, oil hair and skin, open pores, wounds, wrinkles
Nervous System: Frigidity, nervous exhaustion and stress-related complaints.

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PEPPERMINT (Mentha Piperita)
County of Origin: England
Method of Extraction: Steam Distillation from flowering herb
Constituents: Menthol (29-48%) menthone (20-31%)

Main therapeautic effects: Analgesic, Anti-inflammatory, Antimicrobial, Antiphlogistic.
Antipruritic. Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Antiviral, Astringent, Carminative, Cephalic, Cholagogue, Cordially, Emmenagogue, Eepectorant, Febrifuge, Hepatic, Nervine,
Stomachic. Sudorific, Vasoconstrictor, Vermifuge

Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant, possible sensitisation. Use in moderation

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Acne, dermatitis, ringworm, scabies, toothache
Circulation, Muscles and Joints: Neuralgia, muscular pain and palpitations
Respiratory System: Asthma, bronchitis, halitosis, sinusitis, spasmodic cough (steam inhalation for catarrh and asthma)
Digestive System: Colic, cramp, dyspepsia, flatulence and nausea
Nervous System: Fainting, headache, mental fatigue, migraine, nervous stress and vertigo.
Immune System: Colds, flu and fevers

Combinations: Eucalyptus and Rosemary reinforce its effects on colds and flu and with warming and penetrating Marjoram.

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PETITGRAIN (Citrus Aurantium Var Amara)
County of Origin: China/India
Method of Extraction: Steam Distillation from leaves and twigs
Constituents: Esters (40-80%) mainly Linalyl acetate and Geranyl acetate

Main therapeautic effects: Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Deodorant, Digestive, Nervine Stimulant (dig. nervous) Stomachic, Tonic

Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant, non-sensitising. Non-phototoxic.

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Acne, excessive perspiration, greasy skin and hair, toning
Digestive System: Dyspepsia, flatulence
Nervous System: Convalescence, insomnia, nervous exhaustion and stress-related conditions

Combinations: Geranium rounds out the aroma of petitgrain, while Rosemary adds sharpness and Clary Sage enhances its sedative effects.

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PINE (Pinus Sylvestris)
County of Origin: Eurasia
Method of Extraction: Dry Distillation of the needles
Constituents: Monoterpene hydrocarbons (50-90%) pinenes, careen, dipentene, limonene, terpinenes

Main therapeautic effects: Antimicrobial, Antineuralgic, Antirheumatic, Antiabsorbutic, Antiseptic, Antiviral, Bactericidal, Balsamic, Cholagogue, Choleretic, Deodorant, Diuretic,
Expectorant, Hypertensive, Insecticidal, Restorative, Rubefacient, Stimulant, Vermifuge, (adrenal cortex, circ. Nervous)
Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant, possible sensitising. Avoid in allergic skin conditions.

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Cuts, lice, excessive perspiration, scabies, sores.
Circulation, Muscles and Joints: Arthritis, gout, muscular aches and pains, poor circulation and rheumatism
Respiratory System: Asthma, bronchitis, catarrh, coughs sinusitis, sore throats
Genito-Urinary: Cystitis and urinary infections.
Nervous System: Fatigue, nervous exhaustion and stress-related conditions, neuralgia.
Immune System: Colds, flu.

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ROSE CABBAGE (Rosa Centifolia)
County of Origin: Persia
Method of Extraction: Steam Distillation from fresh petals
Constituents: Citronellol (18-22%), phenyl ethanol (63%), geraniol and nerol (10-15%), stearopten (8%)

Main therapeautic effects: Antidepressant, Antiphlogistic, Antiseptic , Antispasmodic, Anti-tubercular agent, Antiviral, Aphrodisiac, Astringent, Bactericidal, Choleretic, Cicatrisant, Depurative, Emmenagogue, Haemostatic, Hepatic, Laxative, Sedative (nervous), Stomachic, Tonic (heart liver, stomach, uterus)
Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant, non-sensitising.

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Broken capillaries, conjunctivitis (rose water), dry skin, eczema, herpes, mature/sensitive complexions, wrinkles
Respiratory System: Asthma, coughs and hay fever
Digestive System: Cholecystitis, liver congestion and nausea
Genito-Urinary: Irregular menstruation, leucorrhoea, menorrhagia, uterine disorders.
Nervous System: Depression, impotence, insomnia, frigidity, headache, nervous tension and stress-related conditions Feeling of well-being and happiness

Combinations: Combines perfectly with Lavender and Chamomile, which bring out its freshness. Sandalwood makes it deeper and more exotic.

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ROSE DAMASK (Rosa Damascena)
County of Origin: Orient
Method of Extraction: Steam Distillation from fresh petals
Constituents: Citronellol (34-55%), geraniol and nerol (30-40%), stearopten (16-22%) phenyl ethanol (1.5-3%) and farnesol (0.2-2%).

Main therapeautic effects: Antidepressant, Antiphlogistic, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Anti-tubercular agent, Antiviral, Aphrodisiac, Astringent, Bactericidal, Choleretic, Cicatrisant, Depurative, Emmenagogue, Haemostatic, Hepatic, Laxative, Sedative (nervous), Stomachic, Tonic (heart liver, stomach, uterus)
Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant, non-sensitising.

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Broken capillaries, conjunctivitis (rose water), dry skin, eczema, herpes, mature/sensitive complexions, wrinkles
Respiratory System: Asthma, coughs and hay fever
Digestive System: Cholecystitis, liver congestion and nausea
Genito-Urinary: Irregular menstruation, leucorrhoea, menorrhagia, uterine disorders.
Nervous System: Depression, impotence, insomnia, frigidity, headache, nervous tension and stress-related conditions Feeling of well-being and happiness

Combinations: Combines perfectly with Lavender and Chamomile, which bring out its freshness. Sandalwood makes it deeper and more exotic.

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ROSEMARY (Rosmarinus Officinalis)
County of Origin: Mediterranean
Method of Extraction: Steam Distillation of fresh flowering tops
Constituents: Pinenes, camphene, limonene, cineol, borneol with Camphor, linalol, terpineol, octanone, bornyl acetate

Main therapeautic effects: Analgesic, Antimicrobial. Antioxidant, Antirheumatic, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Aphrodisiac, Astringent, Carminative, Cephalic, Cholagogue, Choleretic,
Cicatrisant, Cordial, Cytophylactic, Diaphoretic, Digestive, Diuretic, Emmenagogue, Fungicidal, Hepatic, Hypertensive, Nervine, Parasiticide, Restorative, Rubefacient, Stimulant,
Stomachic, Sudorific (circ. Adrenal cortex) Tonic (nerv) Vulnerary
Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant, non-sensitising. Avoid during pregnancy. Not to be used by epileptics.

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Acne, dandruff, dermatitis, eczema, greasy hair, inspect repellent, hair growth, regulates seborrhoea, scabies, stimulates scalp, lice, varicose veins.
Circulatory, Muscles and Joints: Arteriosclerosis, fluid retention, gout, muscular pain, Palpitations, poor circulation, rheumatism.
Respiratory System: Asthma, bronchitis and whooping cough.
Genito-Urinary: Leucorrhoea, dysmenorrhoea.
Nervous System: Debility, headaches, hypotension, neuralgia, mental fatigue, nervous exhaustion and stress-related conditions.
Immune System: colds, flu and infections.

Combinations: Healing properties enhanced by Lemongrass and Juniper for muscular aches. Lemongrass/Petitgrain soften aroma.

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ROSEWOOD (Aniba Roseodora)
County of Origin: Amazon
Method of Extraction: Steam Distillation of wood chippings
Constituents: Linalol (90-97%), cineol, terpineol, geraniol, citrollal, Limonene, pinene.

Main therapeautic effects: Analgesic (mild), Anticonvulsant, Antidepressant, Antimicrobial, Antiseptic, Aphrodisiac, Bactericidal, Cellular stimulant, Cephalic, Deodorant, Stimulant (immune), Tissue regenerator, Tonic
Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant, non-sensitising.

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Acne, dermatitis, scars, wounds, wrinkles and general skin care (sensitive, dry, dull, combination oily/dry) Dramatic curative power – mild and safe to use.
Nervous System: Frigidity, headaches, nausea, nervous tension and stress-related conditions
Immune System: Colds, coughs, fever, infections, stimulates the immune system.

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SANDALWOOD (Santalum Album)
County of Origin: Tropical Asia, India, Sri Lanka
Method of Extraction: Steam Distillation of roots and heartwood
Constituents: 90% Santalols, 6% sesquiterpene, hydrocarbons, santene, teresantol, borneol, satalone

Main therapeautic effects: Antidepressant, Antiphlogistic, Antiseptic , Antispasmodic, Astringent, Bactericidal, Carminative, Cicatrisant, Diuretic, Expectorant, ungicidal, Insecticidal, Sedative, Tonic

Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant, non-sensitising.

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Acne, dry/chapped/cracked skin, greasy skin, moisturiser, after shave (barber’s rash)
Respiratory System: Bronchitis, catarrh, coughs (dry, persistent), laryngitis, sore throats.
Digestive System: Diarrhoea and nausea.
Nervous System: Depression, insomnia, nervous tension and stress-related conditions.
Genito-Urinary System: Cystitis.

Combinations: Blend with Frankincense and Jasmine to increase its exotic aroma. Rose to help create a harmonious scent

 

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SWEET FENNEL (Foeniculum Vulgare)
County of Origin: Mediterranean
Method of Extraction: Steam Distillation of crushed seeds
Constituents: Anethole (50-60%), limonene, phellandrene, Pinene, anisic acid, anisic aldehyde, camphene

Main therapeautic effects: Aperitif, Anti-inflammatory, Antimicrobial, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Carminative, Depurative, Diuretic, Emmenagogue, Expectorant, Galactagogue, Laxative, Orexigenic, Stimulant (circ.), Splenic, Stomachic, Tonic, Vermifuge
Safety Data: Relatively non-toxic, non-irritant, narcotic in large doses. Not to be used during pregnancy or used by epileptics.

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Bruises, dull, oily, mature complexions, pyorrhoea
Circulatory, Muscular and Joints: Cellulitis, obesity, oedema and rheumatism.
Respiratory System: Asthma, bronchitis.
Digestive System: Anorexia, colic, constipation, dyspepsia, flatulence, hiccough and nausea.
Genito-Urinary: Amenorrhoea, insufficient milk (nursing mothers), menopausal problems.

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TEA TREE (Melaleuca Alternifolia) 
County of Origin: Australia
Method of Extraction: Steam Distillation from the leaves and twigs
Constituents: Terpinene-4-ol (30%), cineol, pinene, terpinenes, cymeme, sesquiterpenes, sesquiterpene alcohols.

Main therapeautic effects: Anti-infectious, Anti-inflammatory, Antiseptic, Antiviral, Bactericidal, Balsamic, Cicatrisant, Diaphoretic, Expectorant, Fungicidal, Immuno-stimulant, Parasiticide, Vulnerary
Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant, possible sensitisation.

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Abscess, acne, athlete’s foot, blisters, burns, cold sores, dandruff, herpes, insect bites, oily skin, nappy rash, spots, veruccae, warts, wounds (infected)
Respiratory System: Asthma, bronchitis, catarrh, coughs, sinusitis, tuberculosis, whooping cough.
Genito-Urinary: Thrush, vaginitis, cystitis and pruritis
Immune System: Colds, fever, flu, infectious illnesses such as chickenpox.

Combinations: Geranium sweetens its scent. Pine emphasises its spicy, medicinal aroma and lemon brings out its freshness.

 

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VETIVERT (Vetiveria Zizandoides) 
County of Origin: India
Method of Extraction: Steam Distillation from roots and rootlets
Constituents: Vetiverol, vitivone, terpenes

Main therapeautic effects: Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Depurative, Rubefacient, Sedative (nerv.) Stimulant (circ.), Tonic, production of red corpuscles, Vermifuge.
Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritant, non-sensitising.

Aromatherapy Use:

Skin Care: Acne, cuts, oil skin, wounds.
Circulation, Muscles and Joints: Arthritis, muscular aches and pains, rheumatism, sprains and stiffness.
Nervous System: Debility, depression, insomnia, nervous tension (Vetivert is deeply relaxing, so valuable in massage and baths for anybody experiencing stress.)

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YLANG YLANG
Country of Origin: Tropical Asia – Indonesia and Philippines
Method of Extraction: Steam distillation from freshly picking flowers
Constituents: Methyl benzoate, methyl salicylate, benzyl acetate, linalol

Main therapeautic effects: Aphrodisiac, Antidepressant, Anti-infectious, Antiseptic, Hypotensive, Stimulant, Tonic
Safety Data: Non toxic, non irritant. Use in moderation – can cause headaches.

Aromatherapy Use:
Skin Care: Acne, hair growth, hair rinse, insect bites, irritated and oily skin, general skin care.
Circulation, Muscles and Joints: High blood pressure, hyperpnoea, palpitations
Nervous System: Depression, frigidity, impotence, insomnia, nervous tension, shock and stress related disorders.

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 Glossary of Terms